If you want to know Top Windows Server Interview Questions with Answers? Then in this Blog Post, we will discuss Top Windows Server Interview Questions with Answers.

Ok Before We Start and Share the Some of the Important Questions and Answers

Interview Questions with Answers

 

Explain what is Windows Server?

Windows Server are Operating System from Microsoft which Services Certain Roles to the Client Systems in the same Network. Some of the Roles Which We can Designate to the Windows Servers are as follows

Active Directory

DHCP

DNS

Terminal Servers and Many More

Explain in windows DNS server what is Primary, Secondary and Stub zone?

In windows DNS server,

  • Primary Zone: In this, the file is saved as the normal text file with a filename (.dns).
  • Secondary Zone: It maintains a read-only copy of zone database on another DNS server. Also, it acts as a back-up server to the primary server by providing fault tolerance and load balancing
  • Stub Zone: It consists of a copy of name server and SOA records which is used for reducing the DNS search orders.

Explain what does IntelliMirror do?

IntelliMirror helps to reconcile desktop settings, applications and stored files for users especially for those users who move between workstations or those who works offline.

At the core of IntelliMirror are three features:

  • User data management;
  • Software installation and maintenance;
  • User settings management.

for more information on IntelliMirror

In the case when MSI file is not available, how you can install an app?

To add the application using the Software Installer.ZAP text file can be used rather than the windows installer.

Best Practice

  • You may want to consider natively authoring a Windows Installer package rather than repackaging the application if you have all of the files for an application, if you know the changes that application makes to the registry for installation, and if there are not too many files.
  • Success with repackaging is affected by the state of the computer where the repackaging is performed. For best results, you should always start the repackaging of an application with a clean computer. For the purpose of repackaging, a clean computer is defined as a computer that has only the operating system and operating system service packs installed prior to running the VERITAS Discover program.

Other companies will provide their applications with native Windows Installer support. Please contact your favorite application vendors for information on their Windows Installer support plans.

Non-Windows Installer Applications

It is possible to publish applications that do not install with the Windows Installer. They can only be published to users and they are installed using their existing Setup programs.

Because these non-Windows Installer applications use their existing Setup programs, such applications cannot:

  • Use elevated privileges for installation.
  • Install on the first use of the software.
  • Install a feature on the first use of the feature.
  • Rollback an unsuccessful operation, such a install, modify, repair, or removal, or take advantage of other features of the Windows Installer.
  • Detect a broken state and automatically repair it.

Before an existing Setup program can be used with Software Installation and Maintenance, it must be described in a ZAP (.zap) file, which is a text file, similar to .ini files, which provides the following information:

  • How to install the program — which command line to use.
  • The properties of the application — name, version, language.
  • The entry points that the application should automatically install — for file extension, CLSID, and ProgID.

Note that .zap files are stored in the same location on the network as the Setup program they reference. The appendix contains an example of a .zap file.

For More information on .zap file

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Explain how you can set up remote installation procedure without giving access to user?

To do that, you have to go to,

gponamea User Configuration a Windows Settings a Remote Installation Services a Choice Options

What does it mean by “tattooing” the Registry ?

“ Tattooing” the registry means user can modify and view user preference that are not stored in the maintained portions of the Registry.  Even if the group policy is changed or removed, the user preference will still persist in the registry.

Mention how many types of queries DNS does?

The types of queries DNS does are
Iterative Query
Recursive Query

Explain what is the primary function of the domain controller?

A primary function of the domain controller is to validate users to the networks, it also provides a catalog of Active Directory Objects.

Want Take Quiz in Active Directory?

Active Directory Quize

Active Directory Quiz

What information is required when TCP/IP is configured on Window Server?

To configure a TCP/PI client for an IPv4 client, you have to provide the IP address and the subnet mask.

Explain what does it mean caching-only server in terms of DNS?

The caching only DNS server provides information related to queries based on the data it contains in its DNS cache.

Explain what is the way to configure the DHCP server such that it allocates the same IP address to certain devices each time the address is removed?

To configure the DHCP server, you can create a reservation for the device. To create a reservation, you must know the MAC hardware address of the device. To determine the MAC address for a network device you can use the ipconfig or nbstat command line utilities.

Explain what is LDAP?

To look up for the information from the server, e-mail and another program follows or uses the internet protocol. This protocol is referred as LDAP or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol.

Explain what is SYSVOL folder?

It is a set of files and folders that is stored on the local hard disk of each domain controller in a domain and are replicated by the FRS ( File Replication Service). These files contain group or user policy information.

Explain what is the difference between a thread and a computer process?

Computer Process: In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is executed sequentially by a computer system which can run several computer programs concurrently.

Thread: A thread is a several executable program that work together as a single process.  For instance, one thread might send an error message to the user; another might handle error signals while the third thread might be executing the original action.

Explain what is INODE?

INODE holds the metadata of files; INODE is a pointer to a block on the disk, and it is unique.

In simple words, it is a unique number allocated to a file in UNIX-like OS.

Explain what is RAID in Windows Server?

For storing same data at a different place RAID or Redundant Array of Independent Disks strategy is used. It is a strategy for building fault tolerance and increase the storage capacity. On separate drives it allows you to combine one or more volumes so that they are accessed by a single drive letter

Explain what is the purpose of deploying local DNS servers?

A local DNS server provides the local mapping of fully qualified domain names to IP addresses. To resolve remote requests related to the domains names on your network, local DNS servers can provide record information to remote DNS servers.

To check TCP/IP configurations and IP connectivity, what are the two command line utilities that can be used?

Ipconfig: To check the computer’s IP configuration, command ipconfig can be used and also it can be used to renew the client’s IP address if it is provided by a DHCP server.

Ping: To check the connection between the local computer and any of the other computer devices on the network Ping command is used

Explain if it is possible to connect Active Directory to other 3rd party Directory services?

Yes, you can connect other vendors directory services with Microsoft version. By using dirXML or LDAP to connect to other directories.

Explain where is the AD database is held?

AD database is saved in %systemroot%/ntds. Files that controls the AD structure are

ntds.dit
edb.log
res1.log
res2.log
edn.chk

Explain what is the major difference between NTFS ( New Technology File System) or FAT (File Allocation Table) on a local server?

For local users FAT (File Allocation Table) and FAT32 provides security, while NTFS ( New Technology File System) provides security for domain users as well as local users. NTFS provides file level security which is not possible through FAT32.

Mention what windows server 2008 service is used to install client operating system over the network?

WDE ( Windows Deployment Services ) allows you to install client and server operating systems over the network to any computer with a PXE enabled network interface

Want Take Quiz in Active Directory?

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Active Directory Quiz

P.S – Let Me Know If any other question which you have and you need Answer… just let us know in the comments sections.

 

 

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